Germination testsFor native species reforestation, species selection is critical. At the same time, not only species selection but also accounting for intraspecific variation is critical for success. Establishment success and growth in plantations may vary substantially within several meters, which may be due to differences in maternal origin (seed source). We found that germination and subsequent survival may differ substantially by maternal origin, with some trees having no germination inter-annually (Sugiyama & Peterson 2013). Seeds with high potential came from maternal trees near the forest edges where fruits and seeds were larger, which are traits easily determined in the field, and which can help in predicting where high-quality seeds may be collected. Multiple projects on intraspecific variation and seed sourcing are ongoing.